They do not yet have control of their emotions and may be prone to tantrums and uncontrollable
This is a stage where children are capable of doing many things by themselves – such as talking, walking, going to the toilet, getting dressed and exploring the world around them – and, importantly, they want to do these things by themselves.
Children consider their peers as either ‘competitors’, who may take their material possessions or compete for attention and emotional support, or ‘providers’, who serve their needs. Children begin to develop the ability to consider things from another’s perspective. Children now have the ability to recognize cause and effect and have relatively concrete cognition. Clear, simple rules and guidelines are very important in teaching children to control their impulses and emotions. Telling them, for example, “I will give it to you later” or “after the meal” rather than immediately capitulating to their demands is an important way to instill self-con troll.